gangster n : a criminal who is a member of gang [syn: mobster]
250px|thumb|right|[[Louis Buchalter|Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, center, an archetypal American gangster of the 1930s, standing in court during sentencing.]]
A gangster is a criminal who is, or at some point almost invariably becomes, a member of a persistent violent crime organization, such as a gang. As an adjective it can be used as an unflattering depiction of the violent and devious methods commonly used by mobsters, and the derived form gangsterism implies such methods as practice or habit. The term gangster is most commonly used in reference to members of the criminal organizations associated with the American offshoot of the Italian Cosa Nostra, the Mafia (sometimes called the Mob), and the American prohibition, such as the Chicago Outfit and the Five Families, and individuals such as Al Capone and Bugsy Siegel.
Gangsters are typically organized criminals who are actively engaged in crime as a group activity or enterprise for power, pleasure, or profit. The visibility of activities of gangsters can range from the low-level such as drug-trafficking or protectionism, which are prone to be "under the radar", to the in-your-face spectacular, such as the UK's multi-million Brinks Mat robbery. Gangsters often run their operations as businesses insofar as they offer a "product" or "service", albeit an illegal one, or, as is sometimes the case, a legitimate business operating as a front for criminal activity. 250px|thumb|left|American gangster [[Frank Costello, testifying before the Kefauver Committee, during an investigation of organized crime.]]
Some gangsters, sometimes called thugs, engage in extortion, intimidation, and bribery to wield influence over labor unions. They are also known for attempting to manipulate the decisions of civil institutions, such as court cases and political elections.
Gangsters are sometimes romanticised in popular culture in films such as The Godfather series and shows like The Sopranos. In the controversial gangsta rap genre of music the term "gangster" is associated with having power and being street smart, being admirable. As a result of this the term "gangster" is sometimes used (probably somewhat facetiously) as a compliment. Some well known gangsters include Ma Barker, Al Capone, Mickey Cohen, Ellsworth Johnson, Johnny Dio, John Gotti, Bugs Moran, Bernardo Provenzano, Ronnie and Reggie Kray, Ronnie Biggs and Bugsy Siegel.
gangster in Spanish: Gángster
gangster in French: Gangster
gangster in Indonesian: Gangster
gangster in Italian: Gangster
gangster in Japanese: ギャング
gangster in Norwegian: Gangster
gangster in Norwegian Nynorsk: Gangster
gangster in Portuguese: Gângster
gangster in Russian: Гангстер
gangster in Simple English: Gangster
gangster in Finnish: Gangsteri
gangster in Swedish: Gangster
Judas, Mafioso, bad person, bandit, betrayer, brigand, convict, criminal, crook, dacoit, deceiver, delinquent, desperado, desperate criminal, double-dealer, evildoer, felon, fugitive, gallows bird, gaolbird, goon, gunman, gunsel, gunslinger, hit man, hood, hoodlum, hooligan, jailbird, lawbreaker, malefactor, malevolent, malfeasant, malfeasor, misfeasor, mobsman, mobster, mugger, outlaw, public enemy, quisling, racketeer, robber, ruffian, scofflaw, sinner, skinhead, soldier, swindler, thief, thug, torpedo, tough, traitor, transgressor, two-timer, villain, worker of ill, wrongdoer